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Military in Nicaragua


During the contra war of the 1980s Nicaragua's army reached a strength of 134,000. Chamorro won the 1990 presidential elections in part because she promised to end conscription and reduce the military, which was quickly accomplished. In 1994 a new military code strengthened civilian control over the army and limited the term of the military commander. With the constitutional reforms made in 1995, the EPS (Ejército Popular Sandinista) got its current apolitical nature, turning into a professional, national military institution newly named Ejército de Nicaragua (National Army of Nicaragua). Civil-military tensions have declined since then.

The Armed Forces of Nicaragua consists of various military contingencies. Nicaragua has an army, navy and air force. There are roughly 14,000 active duty personnel, which is much less compared to the numbers seen during the Nicaraguan Revolution. Although the army has had a rough military history, a portion of its forces, which were known as the National Guard became integrated with what is now the National Police of Nicaragua.

The age to serve in the armed forces is 17 and conscription is not imminent. As of 2012, the military budget was roughly 0.9% of Nicaragua's expenditures.


Military branches : National Army of Nicaragua (Ejercito Nacional de Nicaragua, ENN; includes Navy, Air Force) (2013)
Military service age and obligation : 18-30 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; tour of duty 18-36 months; requires Nicaraguan nationality and 6th-grade education (2012)
Manpower available for military service : males age 16-49: 1,452,107

females age 16-49: 1,552,698 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service : males age 16-49: 1,227,757

females age 16-49: 1,335,653 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually : male: 69,093

female: 67,522 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures : 0.9% of GDP (2012)






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